According to Larissa Bonfante
, there were "two concurrent strains of nudity" in ancient Greek art: one reflecting a "magical or apotropaic function (herms, satyrs, etc.)", characterized by huge phallus; and another demonstrating "a more empirical interest in the naked, athletic male body" (kouroi, athletes and male figures in vase painting), "where the sex organs themselves are less obtrusive".
A kouros is the modern term given to free-standing ancient Greek sculptures which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece and represent nude male youths. In Ancient Greek kouros
means "youth, boy, especially of noble rank". (Kouros
. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). "The kouros type fits the concept of the sacred quality of nudity: its nakedness represented a feature of initiation ritual".
The ideal of youthful male beauty "included the small penis of a younger man". In contrast to longer penises of old men and slaves, "a beautiful young man was characterized by a small penis. For women, too, whether they were represented naked or dressed, in art, literature, and life, depilation and small breasts were part of the ideal of youthful beauty". (Extract from the post "More or Less"
that I wrote for Vadimage Blog
"on miscellaneous subjects including naturism")